NbS for climate change adaptation
Even if humanity limits the global temperature increase, feedbacks and inertia in the global climate system mean that adaptation is essential.
While the default approach to addressing human adaptation to climate change involves engineered interventions, carefully designed nature-based solutions in a range of ecosystems can work with and sometimes improve upon these approaches and can generally do so at lower economic cost once the broader benefits of NbS are taken into account. Using global and regional systematic reviews together with on-the-ground empirical work, our research examines the role of NbS in:
- Reducing exposure to the immediate impacts of climate change.
- Lowering social sensitivity to climate impacts by supporting diversification of sources of food and income.
- Building adaptive capacity through the process of designing, implementing and managing nature-based interventions.
We are particularly interested in for whom NbS bring benefits in a rapidly warming world, and the mechanisms linking human and ecological resilience.
HARP Project: Facilitating Sustainable Reforestation in Tropical Agricultural Landscapes – The High Agricultural Reforestation Potential (HARP) Toolkit
This project asks how can practitioner and scientific information be better integrated to enhance the sustainability of agroforestry transitions in smallholder production landscapes? Focussing on Ghana and Vietnam, to address this question we use transdisciplinary, human-centred design, remote sensing, on-farm biophysical measurements, socio-economic household surveys, and semi-structured intervie... Read more
Sustain-Cocoa: Sustainable sourcing policies for biodiversity protection, climate mitigation, and improved livelihoods in the cocoa sector
This projects aims to understand the conditions under which supply-chain sustainability initiatives are able to facilitate agroforestry adoption. It also asks what are the socio-economic and environmental trade-offs of diversified agroforestry? The work involves semi-structured interviews, on-farm biophysical measurements, and socio-economic household surveys conducted in Ghana and Cote D’Ivoir... Read more
Associated membersWilliam Thompson
Nature-based solutions for resilient infrastructure systems in Jamaica, Bangladesh and the Maldives
This project investigates the benefits and costs of NbS in enhancing the resilience of infrastructure systems, including water supplies, renewable energy, transport systems and flood protection. It uses geospatial tools to inform the prioritization of NbS and their deployment where they will yield the greatest benefits for infrastructure resilience, biodiversity, livelihoods and carbon sequestrati... Read more
Understanding the value and limits of NbS to address climate change and other development challenges in the Philippines
This research presents a country-specific review of nature-based solutions (NbS) for transformative change in the Global South. In the context of the Philippines, this project will elucidate evidence of NbS outcomes, understand the country’s priorities for, and enablers and barriers to, interventions, and lastly, explore the potential for NbS to address climate change and other sustainable devel... Read more
Associated membersKatrina Kendall
Addressing climate vulnerability with nature-based solutions in Bangladesh
Bangladesh, like many lower income countries, is exceptionally vulnerable to increased climate risks, exacerbated by environmental degradation and socio-economic challenges including the COVID-19 pandemic. Nature-based solutions could provide cost-effective options to address these challenges but policymakers lack evidence on their effectiveness. To address this, we produced a comprehensive synthe... Read more
Biodiversity outcomes of nature-based solutions for adaptation in the Tropical Andes
South America is one of the most biologically diverse areas of the planet, however, this diversity is threatened hugely by human activity and the changing climate. This project explores the outcomes of Nature-based Solutions for Adaptation upon biodiversity in the Tropical Andean region of South America and works towards building the evidence base of NbS for Adaptation. Using a combination of syst... Read more
Associated membersKatie Lois Hutchinson
Scaling-up nature-based solutions in the UK
There is an urgent need to develop realistic landscape-scale assessments of the implementation potentials of NbS that maximise potential synergies between climate change and biodiversity goals, manage trade-offs, and are biophysically and socially feasible, equitable and economically viable. To meet this challenge, we are using new geospatial methods to develop a comprehensive approach to guide wh... Read more
Nature-based solutions to address climate risks in the UK
We are investigating the potential of NbS to support climate change adaptation in the UK. In particular, we recently synthesized evidence on how NbS can address climate impacts, as identified by the third Climate Change Risk Assessment (CCRA3), and explored the barriers and enabling factors that influence their wider uptake. The work involved literature reviews, interviews with around 20 NbS pract... Read more
Interactive global map of good practice nature-based solutions
To enhance awareness and understanding of NbS, and showcase good practice, we are developing an interactive online global map. The first version, which was launched at COP26, includes 110 cases from over 67 countries and 6 continents. Using the platform, practitioners and policy makers can discover the many different ways communities, businesses, and NGOs are working with nature to deal with the c... Read more
Guidelines for sustainable, successful nature-based solutions
We led the development of four guidelines for successful, sustainable NbS in February 2020 by a consortium of 20 UK-based organisations, as a letter to the then incoming President of CoP26, Alok Sharma, to encourage adoption of the guidelines by other Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. In May 2020, the guidelines were adopted by the Together With Nature campaign, a call to c... Read more
Associated membersWhole NbSI Team