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Nature-based Solutions to Global Challenges
Science • Policy • Practice

The Nature-based Solutions Initiative is an interdisciplinary programme of research, policy advice and education based at the University of Oxford.  It brings together natural, physical and social scientists with economists, governance and finance experts from across the University and beyond. Its mission is to enhance understanding of the potential of Nature-based Solutions to address global challenges and increase their sustainable implementation worldwide.

What do we mean by successful, sustainable Nature-based Solutions? To find out, listen to what the experts think and read these four key evidence-based principles: www.nbsguidelines.info

01 Science

Explore our bibliography for the latest publications on NbS and locate scientific evidence for the effectiveness of Nature-based Solutions to climate change impacts using our Evidence Platform

02 Policy

Discover how the world’s nations are planning for the impacts of climate change and learn how to increase climate ambition through Nature-based Solutions

03 Practice

Find out more about our in-country programmes and read about Nature-based Solutions in action from across the globe

Latest News

Read all our recent NbS news and checkout our latest tweets on our news page.


Read all NbS news

Latest publications on Nature-based Solutions

There are currently 427 publications in our bibliography.

The economic costs of planting, preserving, and managing the world’s forests to mitigate climate change

Forests are critical for stabilizing our climate, but costs of mitigation over space, time, and stakeholder group remain uncertain. Using the Global Timber Model, we project mitigation potential and costs for four abatement [...] Read more
Austin, K. G. et al. | Nature Communications | 2020

Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity

Many global environmental agendas, including halting biodiversity loss, reversing land degradation, and limiting climate change, depend upon retaining forests with high ecological integrity, yet the scale and degree of forest modification remain poorly [...] Read more
Grantham, H. S. et al. | Nature Communications | 2020

The greenhouse gas offset potential from seagrass restoration

Awarding CO2 offset credits may incentivize seagrass restoration projects and help reverse greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from global seagrass loss. However, no study has quantified net GHG removal from the atmosphere from a seagrass [...] Read more
Oreska, M. P. J. et al. | Scientific Reports | 2020


Bibliography