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  • Role of NbS for Climate Change Adaptation in UK Policy

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    Just ahead of tomorrow's Climate Ambition Summit, this report considers the important role of nature-based solutions (NbS) in climate change adaptation policy for the UK and its fourteen overseas territories. The report was written by NbSI, in collaboration with WWF and RSPB; together we will work w [...] read more
  • On the misuse of nature-based carbon ‘offsets’

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    Nature-based solutions (NbS*) are being misused for greenwashing. Promoting NbS as carbon 'offsets' while continuing business as usual in fossil fuel use is not a solution to climate change. In fact, it can encourage continued or even increased fossil fuel consumption leading to more emissions o [...] read more
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Seagrass Restoration in the UK

Seagrass meadows are highly degraded in the UK, with up to 92% of historical cover lost. 2021 has seen the first ever major seagrass restoration project in England, marking the start of the UN Decade on Restoration. So far, 18,200 biodegradable bags of seeds and seedlings have been laid on the seabed at a site [...] Read more
May 6, 2021
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Recent national climate commitments from the big emitters

Over the last couple of months, some of the countries responsible for the largest share of greenhouse gas emissions have made enhanced climate commitments. However, progress on the ground has been limited and in Brazil’s case, backwards: – The top two highest emitting countries, China and the US, agreed in April that they are committed to [...] Read more
May 6, 2021
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NDC updates: 82 Parties have submitted updated NDCs, with 75 enhancing ambition

When the Paris Agreement came into force, almost every nation made a written commitment to tackling climate change in the form of a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and agreed to enhance ambition over time. Parties were meant to submit updated NDCs by the end of 2020, but due to the pandemic this deadline was softened. To [...] Read more
May 6, 2021
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Net zero commitments globally represent 61% of emissions

Oxford Net Zero, in collaboration with the Energy and Climate Intelligence Unit, have published a global assessment of net zero targets across all countries, all states and regions in the 25 highest-emitting countries, all cities with a population over 500,000, and all companies in the Forbes Global 2000 list. 769 (19%) of these parties have [...] Read more
May 6, 2021
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Seagrass ecosystem contributions to people’s quality of life in the Pacific Island Countries and Territories

McKenzie et al. 2021 Seagrass meadows are receiving growing attention, especially in relation to their potential for carbon sequestration. However, a broader appreciation of the contributions of seagrass meadows to people’s quality of life will inform better interventions that enhance seagrass ecosystem health whilst also benefiting local people. This paper reviews how seagrass in the Pacific Islands [...] Read more
May 6, 2021
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Assessing People’s Values of Nature: Where Is the Link to Sustainability Transformations?

Stålhammar 2021 In the context of ecosystem service research, there has been an increasing focus on measuring social and cultural values, beyond biophysical assessments. To that end, there has been growing interest in applying non-monetary methods to capture non-material social and cultural aspects of benefits in ecosystems. However, as Sanna Stålhammar’s perspective article highlights, there is [...] Read more
May 5, 2021
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Biodiversity and the challenge of pluralism

Pascual et al. 2021 Biodiversity is often defined in the scientific community as the diversity of life at the level of genes, species, functions and ecosystems. However, Pascual et al. explain that the way biodiversity is understood by scientists is not value-neutral. There are in fact many different ways of understanding living nature; this means it [...] Read more
May 5, 2021
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The economic consequences of conserving or restoring sites for nature

Bradbury et al. 2021  This paper compared the economic costs and benefits of conserving or restoring habitats, with those of alternative land uses. The economic consequences of conservation or restoration was assessed in terms of  value of ecosystem services across 62 sites. The benefits from conservation/restoration were divided into private benefits (i.e. excludable benefits: private goods, [...] Read more
May 5, 2021
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The value of US coral reefs for flood risk reduction

Reguero et al. 2021 This study assessed the value of coral reefs in the US for reducing flooding by modelling the effects of losing the top one metre of coral reefs across 3100 km of coastline. This level of vertical reef loss is possible over coming decades if threats to the reefs are not mitigated [...] Read more
May 5, 2021
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Coffee farm restoration and infiltration ditches to prevent flooding in El Salvador

Climate change is increasing the intensity of storms in El Salvador, causing erosion, landslides and flooding. The capital city, San Salvador, suffers especially badly from flooding due to the dominance of impervious surfaces and hence low capacity for infiltration. To address this, 1150ha of forest and coffee plantations will be restored over the next two [...] Read more
May 4, 2021
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NbSI Director speaks on Energy Policy Podcast

Professor Nathalie Seddon spoke on the Energy Policy Now podcast about the promise, challenges and potential moral hazards of nature-based solutions for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Nathalie explains why and how NbS need to be led by local people, and why they need to support diverse, healthy, resilient ecosystems. She also delves into the need [...] Read more
May 4, 2021
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Community forests in Nepal

Many community forest projects have been set up in Nepal. A study of 105 of these found that they have been broadly successful for both increasing carbon sequestration and providing social benefits. The projects have been strengthened as part of the United Nations Reduced Emissions through Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+), which provides incentives for [...] Read more
May 3, 2021

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