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The science evidence base for the effectiveness of nature-based solutions
“Healthy ecosystems underpin healthy, resilient nations and communities, and we cannot achieve our Sustainable Development Goals without safeguarding nature” Achim Steiner, UNDP (2017)
Land-based conservation and restoration can provide over 30% of the cost-effective climate change mitigation needed between now and 2030
Most nations agree that nature is a major ally in the fight against climate change but policy ambition must be matched by robust targets
Natural coastal wetlands prevented $625M property damage during Hurricane Sandy in NE USA in 2012
Loss of coral reefs would double damage from coastal flooding and triple destruction by storms
All NbS Target
Climate change adaptation (220)
Climate change mitigation (72)
Disaster risk reduction (118)
Ecosystem health (89)
Food and water security (89)
Human well-being & development (96)
All NbS Approach
Area-based approaches (29)
Climate adaptation services (5)
Community-based adaptation (14)
Ecosystem-based adaptation (139)
Ecosystem-based management (40)
Ecosystem-based mitigation (49)
Ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction (74)
Ecological engineering (17)
Ecological restoration (64)
Forest landscape restoration (4)
Infrastructure-related approaches (17)
Nature-based solutions in general (2)
Natural resource management (15)
Sustainable agriculture/agroforestry/aquaculture (51)
All Major Habitat Types
Artificial Landscapes – Aquatic (5)
Artificial Landscapes – Terrestrial (93)
Not Applicable (49)
All Geographical Regions
Asia & Pacific (73)
Latin America & Caribbean (38)
Not Applicable (94)
North America (36)
West Asia (4)
Showing 323 publications
Can community-based adaptation increase resilience?
Ensor, J.E. et al.
Climate and Development
Assessing the feasibility of integrating ecosystem-based with engineered water resource governance and management for water security in semi-arid landscapes: A case study in the Banas catchment, Rajasthan, India
Everard, M. et al.
Science of The Total Environment
From grey to green: efficacy of eco-engineering solutions for nature-based coastal defence
Morris, R.L. et al.
Global Change Biology
Evidence of economic benefits for public investment in MPAs
Pascal, N. et al.
Agroforestry Can Enhance Food Security While Meeting Other Sustainable Development Goals
Waldron, A. et al.
Tropical Conservation Science
Coral reefs for coastal protection: A new methodological approach and engineering case study in Grenada
Reguero, B.G. et al.
Journal of Environmental Management
Frontiers in alley cropping: Transformative solutions for temperate agriculture
Wolz, K.J. et al.
Global Change Biology
Potential for Conservation Agriculture in the Dry Marginal Zone of Central Syria: A Preliminary Assessment
Lalani, B. et al.
Investing in Natural and Nature-Based Infrastructure: Building Better Along Our Coasts
Sutton-Grier, A.E. et al.
Economic viability of the national-scale forestation program: The case of success in the Republic of Korea
Lee, J. et al.
Climate-smart agroforestry: Faidherbia albida trees buffer wheat against climatic extremes in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia
Sida, T.S. et al.
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
A socio-eco-efficiency analysis of integrated and non-integrated crop-livestock-forestry systems in the Brazilian Cerrado based on LCA
Costa, M.P. et al.
Journal of Cleaner Production
The future of tropical forests under the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals
Swamy, L. et al.
Journal of Sustainable Forestry
Adaptation and poverty reduction in Mozambique: an opportunity for developing countries to lead
Quinn, C.F. et al.
Farmers’ Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change and Their Implications in the Zou Department of South Benin
Fadina, A. M. R. and Barjolle, D.
Adaptation to climate change in rainfed agriculture in the global South: soil biodiversity as natural insurance
Sidibé, Y. et al.
Modeling current and future freshwater inflow needs of a subtropical estuary to manage and maintain forested wetland ecological conditions
Baustian, M. M. et al.
Optimization schemes for grassland ecosystem services under climate change
Hao, R. and Yu, D.
Exploring adaptation strategies of coffee production to climate change using a process-based model
Rahn, E. et al.
Agroforestry enables high efficiency of light capture, photosynthesis and dry matter production in a semi-arid climate
Zhang, D. et al.
European Journal of Agronomy
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