Why efforts to address India’s ‘just transition’ should support nature-based solutions

Majumdar, A. et al. | Energy Research & Social Science | 2023 | Peer Reviewed | Perspective | https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2214629623000816


Transformation towards low carbon development needs action to transform our economy and energy simultaneously. India has taken several noble aims for continuing to increase renewable energy since an efficient energy transition will help to mitigate climate change. Socio-economic consequences like a considerable loss of livelihood will also occur. The ‘just transition’ concept emphasises delivering the transition fairly to high carbon concentrated workers’ communities’ livelihood and fossil fuel-based economy towards the regenerative economy and addressing inequality and poverty issues. While nature-based solutions are initiatives taken to restore, protect, and sustainably manage nature to tackle societal problems such as changing climate, challenges originating from urban expansion and livelihood support. There is a substantial research gap on why efforts to address just transition should support nature-based solutions (NbS). This research paper tries to offer a detailed perspective regarding the possibilities of delivering just transition and relate it to nature-based solutions based on available literature and various examples worldwide.