NBSI slider image Nature offers our best line of defence against harmful environmental change
Team slider image “Healthy ecosystems underpin healthy, resilient nations and communities, and we cannot achieve our Sustainable Development Goals without safeguarding nature” Achim Steiner, UNDP (2017)
Team slider image Land-based conservation and restoration can provide over 30% of the cost-effective climate change mitigation needed between now and 2030 Learn more
Team slider image Most nations agree that nature is a major ally in the fight against climate change but policy ambition must be matched by robust targets Learn more
Team slider image Natural coastal wetlands prevented $625M property damage during Hurricane Sandy in NE USA in 2012 Learn more
Team slider image Loss of coral reefs would double damage from coastal flooding and triple destruction by storms Learn more

Nature-based Solutions to Global Challenges
Science • Knowledge Exchange • Action

Nature-based solutions enhance and work with natural habitats to help people adapt to the effects of change and disasters whilst slowing warming and protecting nature. This new programme of interdisciplinary research, policy advice and advocacy is aimed at getting science into policy and policy into action to increase the implementation of sustainable nature-based solutions worldwide.

Planet in crisis

Climate change and species loss are accelerating and natural disasters are becoming more frequent. Ecosystems are collapsing and agricultural land is being lost to desert. And millions of people increasingly face food or water shortages and are fleeing their homelands as conflict over dwindling natural resources intensifies.

Ambitious solutions

Leaders and scientists across the globe are starting to realise that we need to work with nature to solve these inter-related global challenges. Natural ecosystems not only help protect us from the impacts of climate change impacts but store carbon to slow warming and support the ecosystems goods and services on which we depend. However, high-level pledges for nature rarely translate into action on-the-ground.

Overcoming barriers

The reasons for this are: first, scientific evidence for nature’s benefits is hard to access and difficult to understand; second, there is a lack of knowledge exchange between researchers and those working on the ground; and third, there is low awareness in business and government of our dependency on nature. To overcome these barriers we have established the Nature-based Solutions Initiative.

Latest Evidence

The global flood protection savings provided by coral reefs

Coral reefs can provide significant coastal protection benefits to people and property. Here we show that the annual expected damages ...

Beck et al., 2018

Effect of species composition on ecosystem services in European boreal forest

Forest management in several boreal countries is strongly focused on conifers because they are more productive, the technical quality of ...

Pukkala, T., 2018

Coral reefs for coastal protection: A new methodological approach and engineering case study in Grenada

Coastal communities in tropical environments are at increasing risk from both environmental degradation and climate change and require urgent local ...

Reguero, B.G. et al., 2018
323 Studies