Using Ecosystem-Based Adaptation Actions to Tackle Food Insecurity

Munang, R. et al. | Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development | 2013 | Peer Reviewed | Review |


Given the unfortunate, frequent occurrence of droughts, practical actions are ever more critical to ensure achieving food security in this region [Africa]. Understanding what has previously worked can provide a guiding vision as we proactively address the current crisis. Food security and human security are inextricably linked, and innovative initiatives are needed to create opportunities to face continental challenges regarding future food security requirements. Sustainable food security strategies must thus, among others, develop new opportunities, increase productivity in agriculture, and assist in the development of domestic markets that can withstand international economic volatility. Investment in EbA is one of the most important keys to job creation opportunities that simultaneously contribute to poverty eradication and to sustainable long-term food security. Such investments will improve the competitiveness of domestic production, increase farmers’ profits, and make food more affordable for the poor. Creative strategies supported by dynamic leadership and management are the only way that Africa will be able to achieve the envisaged food-secure society in which its population does not experience fear of want. With proper planning, transparent resource management, innovative food security policies, and integrative agriculture inputs and outputs, it is not too late to turn the Africa’s food crisis to the benefit of local communities.