Optimisation of selection and placement of nature-based solutions for climate adaptation: a literature review on the modelling and resolution approaches

Justin Capgras, Felicien Barhebwa Mushamuka & Laurent Feuilleaubois | Environment Systems and Decisions | 2023 | Peer Reviewed | Systematic review | https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10669-023-09933-y


Nature-Based Solutions can be considered one of the best answers to the various consequences and problems caused by climate change, poor urbanisation and population growth. They are used not only as measures for the protection, sustainable management and restoration of natural and modified ecosystems but also as measures to mitigate certain natural disasters such as erosion, flooding, drought, storm surge and landslide. The benefit is for both biodiversity and human well-being. This paper reviews articles about optimising the selection and placement of Nature-Based Solutions. It presents several Operations Research approaches used in the context of climate adaptation. The analysis provided in this paper focuses on various case studies, state-of-the-art on Nature-Based Solutions, Operations Research algorithms, dissertations, and other papers dealing with infrastructure placement approaches in the context of climate adaptation.