Ecosystem-based adaptation in marine and coastal ecosystems

Hale, L.Z. et al. | Renewable Resources Journal | 2009 | Peer Reviewed | Review |


Ecosystem-based adaptation provides an opportunity to reduce the vulnerability of human societies through an improved management of marine and coastal ecosystems to continuously provide important ecosystem services on which they depend. An urgent need to develop, implement and fund ecosystem-based adaptation strategies involving coastal communities as a priority response to climate change, is discussed. A tabulated list of adaptation options for maintaining and restoring coastal wetlands and shorelines, is provided. The guiding principles and recommendations for ecosystem-based adaptation are discussed.