Only three of the 197 Paris Agreement signatories have submitted updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in time for the informal 9th February deadline. The Marshall Islands accounts for just 0.00001% of global emissions, and so focus on making Pacific Islands more resilient to climate change-induced storms and sea level rise rather than on mitigation. The small South American country, Suriname, has pledged to increase forest and wetland protected area from 14% to 17% of the country’s area by 2030. Norway was the latest country to submit; they pledge to cut emissions by 50-55% below 1990 levels by 2030, compared to the 40% target set by the EU.
The slow action on submitting NDCs could indicate a lack of enthusiasm and action. However, the delay was not unexpected, and it provides a longer window for science and activism to influence national policies before COP26 in November.
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