Impacts of Land-Based Greenhouse Gas Removal Options on Ecosystem Services and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

Smith et al (2019) Ann Revs Ecol System This study compares the impacts of five different options for land-based Greenhouse Gas Removal (GGR) on ecosystem services and their contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It suggests universally positive effects of soil carbon sequestration and wetland restoration, whereas options such as bioenergy with carbon capture and storage and afforestation have more negative impacts mainly due to competition for land. On this basis the authors suggest that the low-risk options could be implemented more rapidly, while the rest must proceed with caution and only after more rigorous research on the risks and trade-offs has been conducted. Direct article link.