Ecosystem-based Adaptation: A review of the constraints
Nalau et al. 2018
Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) is the preferred approach for adapting to climate change in the least developed and developing countries, in part because it has the capacity to address adaptation of both ecosystems and livelihoods simultaneously. This review paper looks at existing literature on the constraints on EbA use, categorised into: economic constraints, governance constraints, social/cultural constraints, knowledge gaps, and physical/biological limits. Examples are given of each type of constraint, such as the physical issue that coastal ecosystems will in some cases not accumulate sediment rapidly enough to keep up with the rate of sea level rise. The authors highlight that we need more well-documented case studies of EbA, to better inform the implementation, monitoring and evaluation of EbA. Read the paper here.