NbS for climate change adaptation
Even if humanity limits the global temperature increase, feedbacks and inertia in the global climate system mean that adaptation is essential.
While the default approach to addressing human adaptation to climate change involves engineered interventions, carefully designed nature-based solutions in a range of ecosystems can work with and sometimes improve upon these approaches and can generally do so at lower economic cost once the broader benefits of NbS are taken into account. Using global and regional systematic reviews together with on-the-ground empirical work, our research examines the role of NbS in:
- Reducing exposure to the immediate impacts of climate change.
- Lowering social sensitivity to climate impacts by supporting diversification of sources of food and income.
- Building adaptive capacity through the process of designing, implementing and managing nature-based interventions.
We are particularly interested in for whom NbS bring benefits in a rapidly warming world, and the mechanisms linking human and ecological resilience.
Can nature-based solutions deliver a win-win for biodiversity and climate change adaptation?
The potential of NbS to tackle both the climate and biodiversity crises depends on whether they enhance the health of an ecosystem, including its biodiversity, the condition of its soil and water, and its ability to maintain its functions despite environmental change. However, while research has helped to improve our understanding of how nature-based interventions for climate change mitigation aff... Read more
Exploring the role of nature-based solutions for social-ecological resilience
This project developed a two-part conceptual framework linking social-ecological resilience to adaptation outcomes in NbS. Part one determines the potential of NbS to support resilience based on assessing whether NbS affect key mechanisms known to enable resilience. Examples include social-ecological diversity, connectivity, and inclusive decision-making. Part two includes adaptation outcomes that... Read more
Role of nature-based solutions for development
This project collated and synthesized evidence on the development outcomes of investments in nature (protection, restoration, management, creation of ecosystem, and nature-based food production). This includes conservation interventions and more recently labelled “nature-based solutions” to societal challenges. The scope of development outcomes considered was broad, ranging from jobs, food sec... Read more
Reducing people’s vulnerability to climate change in the rural Global South using Nature-based Solutions
Although evidence for the effectiveness of NbS for adaptation is growing, there is scant information on whether and how NbS reduce vulnerability to climate change in the Global South, despite this region being home to the majority of the world’s most climate-vulnerable people. To address this, we systematically collated 85 case studies of nature-based interventions in rural areas of low and lowe... Read more
Nature-based solutions for economic recovery in the global south
The aim of this project is to unpack the contribution of NbS to short term economic recovery potential (ERP), and how this relates to long term development gain, while framing these in a policy setting in a way that supports systemic change. In other words we seek to explore the extent to which NbS make economic sense, and how (or not) this contributes to climate, and biodiversity outcomes. The in... Read more
Mapping the effectiveness of nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation
This systematic evidence mapping exercise consolidated the large dispersed evidence-base on the effectiveness of NbS for addressing climatic impacts. The collated evidence-base underpins the NbS evidence platform. The objectives were to: Identify existing evidence of the effectiveness of NbS for addressing different climate impacts on people and economic sectors, and catalogue evidence with r... Read more