Our in-country NbS work
As the evidence for Nature-based Solutions benefitting society strengthens, NbS are becoming increasingly prominent in climate change policy, especially in developing nations. Nonetheless, across the globe high-level intentions for implementing NbS rarely translate into meaningful targets informed by the best evidence from science and practice.
At the NbSI, we work with local partners to help develop in-country communities of science, policy and practice for NbS. Through these, we build an understanding of, and identify and address knowledge needs around, the socio-economic and ecological effectiveness of NbS to climate change impacts. On this basis, we support the development of robust NbS targets for inclusion in national plans, with a focus on the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) submitted by Paris Agreement Signatories.
We are currently working on a local level with three countries: Bangladesh, Peru and Ghana.
As a low-lying nation with large river deltas, Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to flooding with 60% of the country being inundated in wet years. In part because of this, it is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change. To address climatic impacts, Bangladeshi communities have been working with nature for many years. There is already a rich body of knowledge in Bangladesh on how to use nature to adapt to climate change. In collaboration with the International Centre for Climate Change and Development, we are working with local scientists, policymakers and practitioners to consolidate and share this knowledge. We are growing an NbS community of practice with the primary goal of ensuring that the best evidence on the effectiveness of NbS informs economic and other national policy. Our recent workshop was attended by over 50 stakeholders from multiple sectors, and we are continuing to help develop a ‘roadmap’ for effective NbS policy in Bangladesh. To see Bangladesh’s existing plans for tackling climate change, read the NDC factsheet here.
Peru is most vulnerable to climate change through increased risk of water shortages. The country is already suffering from water scarcity, primarily due to expansion of water-intensive agriculture and mining industries. There is concern that this will lead to severe water shortages when combined with population growth, accelerating retreat of Peru’s glaciers and reduced precipitation due to climate change. Nature-based Solutions could play a central role in Peru’s adaptation strategy, such as by restoring forests to increase and stabilise water supply. Indeed, sub-national governments have already made pledges for planting several million trees. NbSI member, Nicole Chabaneix, is in Peru working with local policymakers, practitioners and scientists to ensure that these tree planting pledges are ecologically sound, as well as to improve and increase the uptake of NbS in Peruvian policy. To see Peru’s existing plans for tackling climate change, read the NDC factsheet here.
Ghana’s vulnerability to climate change is primarily defined by exposure to the impacts of droughts, floods, and coastal erosion. Lower and more erratic rainfall is already affecting agricultural productivity, and the effects may become more serious in future. A priority for adapting to climate change is therefore increasing agricultural resilience, such as through community-based conservation agriculture. We are in the process of developing a community of science, policy and practice in Ghana, to help integrate goals for effective use of Nature-based Solutions to reduce the impacts of climate change on the country. To see Ghana’s existing plans for tackling climate change, read the NDC factsheet here.