Our in-country NbS work
As the evidence for the societal benefits of implementing Nature-based Solutions strengthens, so NbS are becoming increasingly prominent in climate change policy, especially in developing nations. However, high-level intentions for implementing NbS rarely translate into meaningful targets informed by the best evidence from science and practice.
With the support of the Global Challenges Research Fund and the Waterloo Foundation, we work with local partners to help develop in-country communities of science, policy and practice for NbS. Through these, we build an understanding of and identify and address knowledge needs around the socio-economic and ecological effectiveness of NbS to climate change impacts. On this basis, we support the development of robust NbS targets for inclusion in national plans, with a focus on the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) submitted by Paris Agreement Signatories.
We are currently working on a local level with three countries: Bangladesh, Peru and Ghana.
As a low-lying nation with large river deltas, Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Communities have been working with nature for many years to adapt to climatic impacts such as flooding and there is a rich body of knowledge on how to implement NbS. In collaboration with the International Centre for Climate Change and Development, we are working with local scientists, policymakers and practitioners to consolidate and share this knowledge. The goal is to ensure that the best evidence on the effectiveness of NbS informs economic and other national policy. Our recent workshop was attended by > 50 stakeholders from multiple sectors, and we are continuing to help develop a ‘roadmap’ for effective NbS policy in Bangladesh. To meet the team and learn more, visit www.nbsbangladesh.info.
Peru is most vulnerable to climate change through increased risk of water shortages. The country is already suffering from water scarcity, primarily due to the expansion of water-intensive agriculture and mining industries. There is concern that this will lead to severe water shortages when combined with population growth, accelerating retreat of Peru’s glaciers and reduced precipitation due to climate change. NbS are already playing a central role in Peru’s adaptation strategy, such as by restoring forests and wetlands to improve water supply, and sub-national governments have pledged to plant several million trees. We are working with local NGOs, policymakers, and practitioners to ensure that these NbS are ecologically sound, as well as to improve and increase the uptake of NbS in Peruvian policy. To see Peru’s existing plans for tackling climate change, read the NDC factsheet here.
Ghana’s vulnerability to climate change is primarily defined by exposure to the impacts of droughts, floods, and coastal erosion. Lower and more erratic rainfall is already affecting agricultural productivity, and the effects may become more serious in future. A priority for adapting to climate change is therefore increasing agricultural resilience, such as through community-based conservation agriculture. We are in the process of developing a community of science, policy and practice in Ghana, to help integrate goals for effective use of Nature-based Solutions to reduce the impacts of climate change on the country. To see Ghana’s existing plans for tackling climate change, read the NDC factsheet here.