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  • Role of NbS for Climate Change Adaptation in UK Policy

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    Just ahead of tomorrow's Climate Ambition Summit, this report considers the important role of nature-based solutions (NbS) in climate change adaptation policy for the UK and its fourteen overseas territories. The report was written by NbSI, in collaboration with WWF and RSPB; together we will work w [...] read more
  • NbS Digital Dialogues - panel session summaries

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    Earlier in 2020 we held a series of talks and panel sessions - NbS Digital Dialogues - bringing together experts from science, policy and practice to discuss the implementation of sustainable NbS. Over 750 people tuned into the conference live, and recordings of all the sessions are available to vie [...] read more
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Evaluating nature-based solutions for climate mitigation and conservation requires comprehensive carbon accounting

Keith et al. 2021 Whilst the science is clear that nature-based solutions have high potential for contributing to climate change mitigation, there remains uncertainty and confusion as to how to estimate this potential for a given project. This paper highlights that carbon accounting has often missed important aspects of the carbon cycle, and has predominantly focused [...] Read more
February 12, 2021
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Transdisciplinary science for improved conservation outcomes

Margules et al. 2020 Although the goals of conservation are clear, there is still much progress to be made on how to achieve those goals, balancing local aspirations with environmental values. One of the overarching reasons has been that conservation has often overlooked the complex social, economic, and political context in which conservation actions take place. [...] Read more
February 12, 2021
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Ten golden rules for reforestation to optimize carbon sequestration, biodiversity recovery and livelihood benefits

Di Sacco and Hardwick et al. 2021 Over the past year a growing number of tree planting pledges have been made and projects initiated, most often motivated by contributing to climate change mitigation. Such investments in nature are welcomed by the nature-based solutions community, and if well designed and implemented they should contribute significantly to carbon [...] Read more
February 12, 2021
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Getting the message right on nature-based solutions

The role of nature-based solutions (NbS) in tackling the climate and nature crises has gained the world’s attention. They were high on the agenda at the World Economic Forum and the Climate Adaptation Summit last week, and will continue to be a central topic of discussion in the wake of COVID-19 and in the run-up [...] Read more
February 1, 2021
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The economic costs of planting, preserving, and managing the world’s forests to mitigate climate change

Austin et al. 2020 It is now well established that forest protection, restoration, management and creation play a crucial role in mitigating climate change. This paper estimates the costs of such actions, and the amount of forest-based climate change mitigation that could be funded by different carbon prices. They find that a carbon price of $281 [...] Read more
December 10, 2020
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Anthropogenic modification of forests means only 40% of remaining forests have high ecosystem integrity

Grantham et al. 2020 The effects of human activities on forests goes beyond deforestation – forests that are still standing are often disturbed by humans as well. This study generated a global map of forest condition, using an index of forest integrity on a continuous scale from 0 to 1. The forest integrity index acts as [...] Read more
December 10, 2020
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Climate reverses directionality in the richness–abundance relationship across the World’s main forest biomes

Madrigal-González et al. 2020 It is critical that forest restoration is informed by the best possible science, to maximise carbon storage and other benefits over the long term. There are two competing hypotheses about whether the number of tree species or tree abundance is more important for maximising forest carbon storage. This study tested these hypotheses [...] Read more
November 30, 2020
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The greenhouse gas offset potential from seagrass restoration

Oreska et al. 2020 Seagrass meadows are highly productive systems that bury organic carbon in sediment. This study is the first to quantify net greenhouse gas removal from the atmosphere from seagrass restoration. The authors measured all the necessary greenhouse gas parameters in the 7km2 of restored eelgrass meadow in Virginia, USA, finding that the restoration [...] Read more
November 30, 2020
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Strengthening synergies: how action to achieve post-2020 global biodiversity conservation targets can contribute to mitigating climate change

De Lamo et al. 2020 This report looks at how much climate change mitigation would be achieved if we meet biodiversity conservation targets. It is the first output of ongoing research on this topic, and uses information on carbon stocks in locations that have been identified as priorities for meeting biodiversity targets. The report finds that [...] Read more
November 30, 2020
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Global priority areas for ecosystem restoration

Strassburg et al. 2020 It is of critical importance that multiple different outcomes of ecosystem restoration are considered when deciding where and how to restore; failure to do so can lead to detrimental trade-offs between outcomes. This study assessed the effects of ecosystem restoration on both biodiversity conservation and carbon sequestration, quantifying how this varies at [...] Read more
October 14, 2020
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Mapping carbon accumulation potential from global natural forest regrowth

Cook-Patton et al. 2020 Estimating how much carbon is taken up by growing forests, and what the global climate change mitigation potential of reforestation is, has been a topic of much debate for the last few years. This study provides the latest estimate of carbon accumulation over the first 30 years of regrowth of natural [...] Read more
September 23, 2020
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Economic and social constraints on reforestation for climate mitigation in Southeast Asia

Zeng et al. 2020 Reforestation will play an important role in mitigating climate change, but some estimates of reforestation potential lack consideration of social and economic constraints. This paper takes the example of Southeast Asia to estimate the extent to which such constraints reduce total mitigation potential from reforestation. 121 million ha of land were identified [...] Read more
August 25, 2020

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