Featured NbS Science

Here we feature peer-reviewed papers about, or highly relevant to, Nature-based Solutions. Each month we will be highlighting key studies, but please check out our online NbS evidence platform and bibliography for a comprehensive list.

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The Global Flood Protection Benefits of Mangroves

Menendez et al. 2020

This paper estimates the economic value of mangrove forests for flood mitigation at the highest resolution to-date – for every 20km of mangrove coastline globally. The authors find that mangroves provide over $65 billion in flood protection, and prevent 15 million people from being flooded every year. Loss of mangroves worldwide would [...] Read more March 19, 2020

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Key reasons why tree planting so often fails

Duguma et al. 2020 World Agroforestry

This paper provides a detailed overview of the major underlying challenges for successful forest and woodland restoration. The authors highlight 5 key challenges:

1) Performance indicators for forest restoration projects are often the number of trees planted or the area covered – this does not account for the fact that many [...] Read more March 13, 2020

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Working on the boundaries — How do science use and interpret the nature-based solutions concept?

Hanson et al. 2020

Over the last decade, ‘nature-based solutions’ (NbS) has emerged as a key concept in environmental science. This article assesses a range of factors to better understand how the concept works at the interface of science and policy.

The authors conducted a structured, qualitative review of 112 scientific peer-reviewed publications using the term NbS. They [...] Read more March 4, 2020

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Ecosystem-based tsunami mitigation for tropical biodiversity hotspots

Wanger et al. 2020

Tsunamis have claimed over 260,000 lives this last century, making them the most deadly of natural hazards. In 2018, a tsunami devastated the Indonesian city of Palu and in response the government is planning to build a 7km long, 3.2m high sea wall. This paper suggests a hybrid coastal protection strategy for [...] Read more February 27, 2020

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Quantifying cultural ecosystem services: Disentangling the effects of management from landscape features

Tew et al. 2019

Cultural ecosystem services are recognised as important, but are notoriously difficult to define, measure and assign value to. This study of Thetford forest in the east UK uncovered the relationship between cultural values and land management practices, whilst controlling for the influence of landscape features, such as rivers and roads. The authors [...] Read more February 11, 2020

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Ecosystem-based Adaptation: A review of the constraints

Nalau et al. 2018

Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) is the preferred approach for adapting to climate change in the least developed and developing countries, in part because it has the capacity to address adaptation of both ecosystems and livelihoods simultaneously. This review paper looks at existing literature on the constraints on EbA use, categorised into: economic constraints, [...] Read more February 11, 2020

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Recent divergence in the contributions of tropical and boreal forests to the terrestrial carbon sink

Tagesson et al. 2020

This paper used satellite data on land cover and a dynamic global vegetation model to estimate the impact of human land use and land cover changes (LULCC) on the contribution of different habitat types to the terrestrial carbon sink between 1992 and 2015. The authors found that tropical and boreal forests contributed [...] Read more February 11, 2020

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Governance principles for community-centered conservation in the post-2020 global biodiversity framework

Armitage et al. 2019 Conservation Science and Practice

It is well established that Nature-based Solutions are often more effective if they are designed and implemented in a way that aligns with the perspectives and needs of local stakeholders. Community-centred conservation follows the same principle and some of the research in this area can be applied to [...] Read more February 11, 2020

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National mitigation potential from natural climate solutions in the tropics

Griscom et al. 2020 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B

This paper looks at the potential for natural climate solutions (NCS; a type of nature-based solution) for mitigating climate change in 79 tropical countries. 12 different NCS pathways were defined, split broadly into protection, management and restoration across multiple habitat types (savannahs, farmland, wetland and [...] Read more February 11, 2020

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Nature-based approaches to managing climate change impacts in cities

Hobbie and Grimm 2020 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B

This paper reviews current evidence for how Nature-based Solutions can be used to reduce the vulnerability of cities to climate change. The authors give an overview of how certain features of cities amplify climatic hazards, such as the concentration of settlements around rivers and coasts [...] Read more February 11, 2020

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