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The science evidence base for the effectiveness of nature-based solutions
“Healthy ecosystems underpin healthy, resilient nations and communities, and we cannot achieve our Sustainable Development Goals without safeguarding nature” Achim Steiner, UNDP (2017)
Land-based conservation and restoration can provide over 30% of the cost-effective climate change mitigation needed between now and 2030
Most nations agree that nature is a major ally in the fight against climate change but policy ambition must be matched by robust targets
Natural coastal wetlands prevented $625M property damage during Hurricane Sandy in NE USA in 2012
Loss of coral reefs would double damage from coastal flooding and triple destruction by storms
All NbS Target
Climate change adaptation (220)
Climate change mitigation (72)
Disaster risk reduction (118)
Ecosystem health (89)
Food and water security (89)
Human well-being & development (96)
All NbS Approach
Area-based approaches (29)
Climate adaptation services (5)
Community-based adaptation (14)
Ecosystem-based adaptation (139)
Ecosystem-based management (40)
Ecosystem-based mitigation (49)
Ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction (74)
Ecological engineering (17)
Ecological restoration (64)
Forest landscape restoration (4)
Infrastructure-related approaches (17)
Nature-based solutions in general (2)
Natural resource management (15)
Sustainable agriculture/agroforestry/aquaculture (51)
All Major Habitat Types
Artificial Landscapes – Aquatic (5)
Artificial Landscapes – Terrestrial (93)
Not Applicable (49)
All Geographical Regions
Asia & Pacific (73)
Latin America & Caribbean (38)
Not Applicable (94)
North America (36)
West Asia (4)
Showing 323 publications
Results of a paired catchment analysis of forest thinning in Turkey in relation to forest management options
Yurtseven, I. et al.
Science of the Total Environment
Local food production in a subarctic Indigenous community: the use of willow (Salix spp.) windbreaks to increase the yield of intercropped potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) and bush beans (Phaseolus vulgaris)
Barbeau, C. D. et al.
International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability
The effect of application of organic manures and mineral fertilizers on the state of soil organic matter and nutrients in the long-term field experiment
Menšík, L. et al.
Journal of Soils and Sediments
Effect of species composition on ecosystem services in European boreal forest
Journal of Forestry Research
The global flood protection savings provided by coral reefs
Beck et al.
Contribution of trees to the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes
Barrios, E. et al.
International Journal of Biodiversity Science
Assessing the efficiency and effectiveness of rangeland restoration in Namaqualand, South Africa
Bourne, A. et al.
The shore is wider than the beach: Ecological planning solutions to sea level rise for the Jersey Shore, USA
Burger, J. et al.
Landscape and Urban Planning
Improving management of future coastal development in Qatar through ecosystem-based management approaches
Burt, J.A. et al.
Ocean and Coastal Management
Mangrove management for climate change adaptation and sustainable development in coastal zones
Journal of Sustainable Forestry
A restatement of the natural science evidence concerning catchment-based ‘natural’ flood management in the UK
Dadson, S.J. et al.
Proc. R. Soc. A
Climate change impacts on a large-scale erosion coast of Hai Hau district, Vietnam and the adaptation
Duc, D.M. et al.
Journal of Coastal Conservation
Natural climate solutions
Griscom, B.W. et al.
Ecosystem-based adaptation to climate change: defining hotspot municipalities for policy design and implementation in Brazil
Kasecker, T.P. et al.
Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
The superior effect of nature-based solutions in land management for enhancing ecosystem services
Keesstra, S. et al.
Science of the Total Environment
Integrating the Concept of Resilience into an Ecosystem Approach to Bivalve Aquaculture Management
Kluger, L.C. et al.
Nature-Based Solutions for Europe’s Sustainable Development
Maes, J. and Jacobs, S.
Using REDD plus Policy to Facilitate Climate Adaptation at the Local Level: Synergies and Challenges in Vietnam
McElwee, P. et al.
A modelling framework for evaluation of the hydrological impacts of nature-based approaches to flood risk management, with application to in-channel interventions across a 29-km2 scale catchment in the United Kingdom
Metcalfe, P. et al.
The Value of Coastal Wetlands for Flood Damage Reduction in the Northeastern USA
Narayan, S. et al.
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