NBSI slider image The science evidence base for the effectiveness of nature-based solutions
slider image “Healthy ecosystems underpin healthy, resilient nations and communities, and we cannot achieve our Sustainable Development Goals without safeguarding nature” Achim Steiner, UNDP (2017)
slider image Land-based conservation and restoration can provide over 30% of the cost-effective climate change mitigation needed between now and 2030 Learn more
slider image Most nations agree that nature is a major ally in the fight against climate change but policy ambition must be matched by robust targets Learn more
slider image Natural coastal wetlands prevented $625M property damage during Hurricane Sandy in NE USA in 2012 Learn more
slider image Loss of coral reefs would double damage from coastal flooding and triple destruction by storms Learn more
slider image Intact diverse ecosystems offer our best line of defence against climate change Learn more

Evidence overview

Here is an overview of current peer-reviewed literature on the role natural habitats in buffering climate change hazards and impacts. We show numbers of articles focussing on different habitats, arranged with respect to region, the solution a nature-based intervention is aimed at providing (NBS Target) and the broad type of NBS under study (NBS Approach). You can click on the circles to see the list of relevant papers for particular combinations of NBS targets, approaches and habitats. For full details of methods and scope of our review, click here. To learn more about current understanding on the effectiveness of NBS for adaptation, please read our evidence brief.

Major Habitat Type by Region

Major Habitat Type by NbS Targets

Major Habitat Type by NbS Approach