NBSI slider image An interactive bibliography of publications about nature-based solutions
slider image “Healthy ecosystems underpin healthy, resilient nations and communities, and we cannot achieve our Sustainable Development Goals without safeguarding nature” Achim Steiner, UNDP (2017)
slider image Land-based conservation and restoration has the potential to provide over 30% of the cost-effective climate change mitigation needed between now and 2030 Learn more
slider image Most nations agree that nature is a major ally in the fight against climate change but policy ambition must be matched by robust targets Learn more
slider image Natural coastal wetlands prevented $625M property damage during Hurricane Sandy in NE USA in 2012 Learn more
slider image Loss of coral reefs would double damage from coastal flooding and triple destruction by storms Learn more
slider image Nature-based climate solutions must be grounded in sound biodiversity science Learn more
slider image Ecosystem and biodiversity scientists must work closely with policymakers to identify meaningful climate adaptation targets that benefit both people and ecosystems Learn more

Evidence overview

Here is an overview of the current peer-reviewed literature on nature-based solutions, with a focus on the role of natural ecosystems in helping human societies deal with the impacts and hazards of climate change. We show numbers of articles focussing on different habitats, arranged with respect to region, the solution a nature-based intervention is aimed at providing (NBS Target) and the broad type of NBS under study (NBS Approach). You can click on the circles to see the list of relevant papers for particular combinations of NBS targets, approaches and habitats. For full details of methods and scope of our review, click here.

Major Habitat Type by Region

Major Habitat Type by NbS Targets

Major Habitat Type by NbS Approach