NBSI slider image Our vision is to increase human well-being by working with and enhancing nature
slider image “Healthy ecosystems underpin healthy, resilient nations and communities, and we cannot achieve our Sustainable Development Goals without safeguarding nature” Achim Steiner, UNDP (2017)
slider image Land-based conservation and restoration can provide over 30% of the cost-effective climate change mitigation needed between now and 2030 Learn more
slider image Most nations agree that nature is a major ally in the fight against climate change but policy ambition must be matched by robust targets Learn more
slider image Natural coastal wetlands prevented $625M property damage during Hurricane Sandy in NE USA in 2012 Learn more
slider image Loss of coral reefs would double damage from coastal flooding and triple destruction by storms Learn more
slider image Intact diverse ecosystems offer our best line of defence against climate change Learn more


Nature-based Solutions enhance and work with natural habitats to help people adapt to the effects of change and disasters. Key examples include the restoration of coastal ecosystems to protect communities from storm surges and erosion, agroforestry to stabilise crop yields in drier climates, and forest restoration to regulate water supplies and protect communities from flooding and landslides. Nature-based Solutions to climate change, if properly implemented, can be low cost and low risk whilst also protecting the ecosystems on which we depend. To learn more, please read our evidence brief.

Nature-based Solutions Initiative

This is a new programme of research, policy advice and education aimed at increasing the sustainable implementation of Nature-based Solutions through the application of science. Current work focuses on collating scientific information on Nature-based Solutions for climate change adaptation and making this more accessible to decision makers through this platform. We also assess the role of Nature-based Solutions in climate change policy, with a focus on the adaptation plans of all signatories of the Paris Agreement. The goal is to facilitate the process by which climate pledges are revised and to scale up the role of Nature-based Solutions. This platform will continue to grow with more studies, policy guidance and functionalities to help rapidly access and locate the most relevant evidence. We welcome feedback.

Scientific Evidence

We consolidate and review scientific studies of the role nature in helping people adapt to the hazardous effects of climate change (e.g. climatic variability, sea level rise, extreme events). Our searchable bibliography brings together papers on the economic, social, and environmental effectiveness of Nature-based Solutions, but also  includes studies of the carbon capture potential of natural systems, policy papers and articles highlighting research gaps and future applications of Nature-based Solutions.

View Evidence

Global Policy

We collate information on the extent of global commitment to Nature-based Solutions in climate change policy, with an initial focus on the pledges of all signatories to the UNFCCC Paris Agreement. We invite you to explore our data, both in a pan-global analysis and by individual country, to assess how nations are planning to adapt to climate change and to review and compare stated vulnerabilities, actions and targets. Our aim is to facilitate the global “stock take” of the Paris Agreement and the revision of climate pledges, with the long term goal of increasing ambition for science based targets for Nature-based Solutions.

View Policy